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Car accidents can be life-altering events, and understanding the nuances of car accident laws is crucial for accident victims seeking fair compensation. If you’ve been involved in a car accident in either New York or New Jersey, it’s essential to recognize that each state has its own set of laws and regulations governing car accident claims. In this blog, we will delve into the key differences between New York and New Jersey car accident laws, providing you with valuable insights to protect your rights and navigate the legal process effectively.


No-Fault vs. At-Fault Insurance Systems

One of the most significant differences between the two states is their insurance systems. New York operates under a no-fault insurance system, meaning that regardless of fault, accident victims first seek compensation from their own insurance provider for medical expenses and lost wages. In contrast, New Jersey follows an at-fault system, allowing accident victims to pursue claims against the at-fault driver’s insurance directly. Understanding these distinctions is essential in determining how to proceed after a car accident in either state.


Thresholds for Personal Injury Lawsuits

Another important difference lies in the thresholds for filing personal injury lawsuits. In New York, the “serious injury” threshold must be met to file a lawsuit outside the no-fault system. This threshold requires the victim to have sustained significant and permanent injuries, such as fractures, disfigurement, or loss of bodily function. On the other hand, New Jersey has a “verbal threshold” that limits lawsuits to cases involving specific types of injuries, such as permanent disability or disfigurement, significant scarring, or displaced fractures.


Statute of Limitations

Both states have specific time limits, known as the statute of limitations, within which car accident claims must be filed. In New York, accident victims have three years from the date of the accident to file a personal injury or property damage lawsuit. In New Jersey, the statute of limitations allows two years for personal injury claims and six years for property damage claims. Failing to meet these deadlines can result in the forfeiture of your right to seek compensation, making it vital to take prompt action after an accident.


Comparative Negligence Laws

New York and New Jersey apply different rules regarding comparative negligence in car accident cases. New York follows a pure comparative negligence system, where accident victims can still recover damages even if they are partially at fault for the accident. However, their compensation will be reduced in proportion to their percentage of fault. In contrast, New Jersey adheres to a modified comparative negligence rule. Accident victims can only recover damages if they are found to be less than 50% at fault for the accident.


Compensation for Pain and Suffering

Compensation for pain and suffering, also known as non-economic damages, differs between the two states. New York allows accident victims to claim non-economic damages in personal injury lawsuits, covering pain, emotional distress, and reduced quality of life. In New Jersey, non-economic damages can be pursued but are subject to the aforementioned “verbal threshold,” limiting claims to specific severe injuries.


Punitive Damages

Punitive damages, designed to punish defendants for gross negligence or intentional harm, are more readily available in New York than in New Jersey. In New Jersey, punitive damages are typically only awarded in cases involving extreme recklessness or intentional misconduct.



Navigating the intricacies of car accident laws in New York and New Jersey can be daunting, but understanding the key differences is essential for protecting your rights and securing fair compensation. Whether you are dealing with no-fault insurance in New York or the at-fault system in New Jersey, seeking professional legal guidance from experienced car accident lawyers can make all the difference in the outcome of your case. If you find yourself in such a situation, The Law Offices of Raffi T. Khorozian P.C. are here to provide expert assistance and ensure that your rights are upheld throughout the legal process.

Contact us today for a free consultation and let us fight for your rights and help you on the road to recovery.


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